Oops! Discovered this post written during the winter quarter in my “drafts” folder and am publishing it now…
To review Garfinkel and Goffman, I played the speed-dating video below (suggested by one of my students), and had the students analyze it in small groups with this worksheet.
In a nutshell, we discussed how the video provides a good example of the unstated rules of interaction described by Garfinkel and Goffman (who were lumped together with the French Structuralists by the course instructor, Andy Szasz). Both people clearly come to the interaction with shared expectations for what happens on a speed-date, and successfully managed taking turns in conversation, flirting, and the other sorts of things meant to happen in this particular situational template.
Then, we watched the following Dave Chappelle video, “When Keeping it Real Goes Wrong” (the office scene with Vernon Franklin – also suggested by a student):
Here the students were able to see the consequences of breaking social rules of interaction (Dave Chappelle’s character gets fired after a workplace outburst), and also discuss the limitations of the structuralist paradigm. To help them with this latter task, I asked the following kinds of questions as I visited their small groups:
- Does it seem like everyone in the group came to the meeting with shared expectations about what would happen there?
- Does “give me some skin” seem to mean the same thing to Dave Chappelle’s character as it does to his mentor?
- What emotion does Goffman tell us that people usually feel after they break social rules or lose face? Does Dave Chappelle’s character appear to be feeling this emotion? What does he appear to be feeling? Why?
- Is there value in breaking with expected rules of social interaction?